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ENDLINE EVALUATION FOR THE PROJECT “Building the Foundations for Child Trafficking Free Zones in Urban and Rural Kenya”

  1. Intervention Details


CTM Project: “Building the Foundations for Child Trafficking Free Zones in Urban and Rural Kenya” being implemented in Nairobi, Busia, Mandera and Marsabit Counties.


Goal of the evaluation – Is to provide documented achievements realized, lessons learned, and promising practices which will inform future interventions for the protection of children from Trafficking. It will also serve as an important accountability purpose for TdH-NL by identifying the extent to which the project objectives were achieved.

Goal of the project – The overall objective of the project is to contribute to the reduction of the prevalence of CTM in Busia, Nairobi and Marsabit County by October 2020.

Project Objective/s

CTM intervention focuses on the; identification, recovery, rehabilitation and reintegration of victims of CTM.

Children’s support includes: support to children with back to school programme while in the shelter, Service provision for children victims and children at risk of CTM through counseling for children, provision of education support just to mention a few and empowering parents and caregivers through economic support (IGA) and training on positive parenting training and c; strengthening of existing referral pathways.


Nairobi, Busia, Mandera and Marsabit Counties.


1st April 2018 to 31st December 2020.

Target Beneficiaries

  • Children: 260(104 Boys and 156 Girls) victims of trafficking rescued, rehabilitated and reintegrated to their families and 133 (53 Boys and 80 Girls) children are supported to reduce their vulnerabilities to trafficking. 750 (300 Boys and 450 Girls) children in school clubs will have their capacities enhanced, and in turn reach 16,000 (9600 girls and 6400 boys) children with awareness messages within the 45 primary schools. The Project will support at least 80 (40 Girls and 40 Boys) Children to participate in Children Assembly in Marsabit (Moyale) and Busia.

Families & Communities: A total of 561,200 families & communities; 1,200 community members directly reached with child protection messages, 60,000 reached indirectly and at least 500,000 reached through mass communication. The project will engage 474 community resource persons and opinion leaders and also support 520 parents/guardians to participate in income generating activities

  • Private sector: At least 300 private sector representatives shall be targeted (transport, hotels, bars, massage parlors, employment bureaus, media and theatre) to create awareness on child trafficking. They shall also be supported to develop one code of conduct and one child Safeguarding document developed and adopted by the informal sector (especially for PSV vehicles)

  • Government: A total of 166 Government Officials Shall be engaged as follows: At least 70 government officials trained; At least 60 (30 in Busia ,15 in Marsabit and 15 in Mandera)school heads, teachers and BOMs trained; Engage at least 36 county government officials ( 4 County Executive Committee members, 4 Members of the County Assemblies and 4 Governors/their designate)

  • Law enforcement: At least 60 law enforcers (judiciary and police) trained. The project will support police officers to carry out at least 12 routine investigations & patrols to rescue victims of child trafficking/unsafe migration while arresting the perpetrators. At least 20 CT cases instituted against perpetrators and 60 meetings with both Judiciary and police will be held during the implementation period.

  • CSOs: 40 CSOs (at least 10 in the four counties) shall participate in a network for promotion of child rights. At least one national Movement against Child Trafficking (MACT) made up of FBOs/CBOs/NGOs is formed & supported. The project shall also support the formation of 4 community based surveillance committees/ teams in all the four counties. 140 service providers identified and trained.

Implementing partner (s)

African Network for the Prevention & Protection against Child Abuse and Neglect (ANPPCAN) Regional, Strategic Northern Development (SND) and Movement against Child Trafficking (MACT).

  1. ### Introduction

Terre des Hommes Netherlands (TdH-NL) is a development child rights organisation dedicated to the protection of children from exploitation. TdH-NL’s definition of child exploitation covers: (a) the Worst Forms of Child Labour; (b) Child Trafficking; (c) Sexual Exploitation of Children; (d) Child Abuse. Our focus is to prevent child exploitation, remove children from exploitative situations and ensure these children can develop themselves in a safe environment. Working in partnership with civil society organisations is our key strategy and we have a network of partnerships with CSOs in EA, totaling to over 30 CSOs. We also focus on capacity building and advocacy / lobbying, centered on the most vulnerable children in their immediate environment.

TdH-NL works with an integrated approach to combat child exploitation, which is reflected in the organisation’s Theory of Change. To bring about the desired change and create an environment in which children are protected, we first analyse the long-term causes and medium-term barriers for change, as well as the potential to bring about change. Within this context, we identify key actors that can play a constructive role in this change process. Generally these actors consist of the children, families and communities, the private sector, government, law enforcement agencies and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs). Specific actors are identified for each programme, per context.

In East Africa, TdH-NL is active in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. In these countries, the intervention strategies are applied by local CSOs. We assume that a strong and united civil society, engaged in social change and capable of meaningful interaction with duty bearers and beneficiaries, can help us realise our final vision. Our role in these countries is limited to the selection of the right partner CSOs, based on sound contextual analysis, technical and financial support for the implementation of the intervention strategies and capacity building of the CSO to deliver quality action and sustain results after the end of our financial support. Strengthening civil society is thus an overall, underlying condition for the successful implementation of our Theory of Change.

In Kenya, TdH-NL collaborates with Kenyan CSOs and networks in the execution of projects which aim to prevent child exploitation and provide assistance to exploited children. TdH-NL programmes are implemented in Nairobi, Nakuru, Coastal, Western and Northern regions of Kenya.

  1. ### Background

The overall objective of the project is to contribute to the reduction of the prevalence of CTM in Busia, Nairobi and Marsabit County by December 2020 targeting these Sub Counties ( Busia (Teso North, Sout, Matayos, Budalangi and Funyula). Nairobi (Kibra,Mathare, Kamkunji, Starehe, all the Mukurus, Marsabit (Moyale) and Mandera (Mandera East, Central and West). The CTM project focuses on four strategies prevention , provision, promotion, prosecution and responding to CTM through; interactive education sessions with children through clubs, parents, caregivers and communities on CTM and positive parenting skills; Service provision for children victims of CTM through rescue, provision of temporary shelter to the victims of CTM, psychosocial support for children, parents and caregivers; education support to the children, strengthening of existing referral pathways through working closely with other CSOs to prevent and respond to CTM situation; case conferencing for efficient and effective services for children and their caregivers; building the capacity of government officials on CTM, evidence recovery all pointed towards child safe justice and the legal provisions for child victims of CTM.

  1. ### Evaluation Purpose and Use

This evaluation is designed to provide documented achievements realised, lessons learned and promising practices which will inform future interventions towards victims of CTM protection with a focus on TdH-NL’s main child exploitation thematic areas. It will also serve as an important accountability purpose for TdH-NL by identifying the extent to which the project objectives were achieved.

  1. ### Evaluation Objectives

The main objective of the evaluation is to examine the extent to which the project has brought meaningful results for project beneficiaries and identify key areas that can be replicated in similar interventions. Further, the evaluation will also focus on the project design, implementation process, performance of the project, organisational management systems and how these have impacted on implementation of the project.

  1. ### The Specific Objectives
  2. To examine the extent to which the project impact/outcomes (objective) have been achieved

  3. To evaluate and identify the extent to which the project impacted and benefited the beneficiaries.

  4. To examine the unintended/unplanned effects of the project among the target beneficiaries and local communities.

  5. To examine project components, strategies and activities that can be replicated in the second phase of the project or similar projects in the future.

  6. To identify main lessons learnt and recommendations for future implementation of the Project.

  7. To assess sustainability of partners selected to deliver the CTM project activities of TdH-NL against the expected outputs.

  8. Evaluate project efficiency in utilisation of the knowledge and skills in the implementation of the CTM project.

  9. Evaluation Scope

The scope of the evaluation includes a review and assessment of all activities carried out under the TdH-NL and its partner’s agreement from inception until the end of the project period. The evaluation should assess the project achievements in reaching its targets and objectives as outlined in the project documents – Output and Activities Sheet. It should assess project design, implementation, effectiveness, lessons learned, replicability and provide recommendations for future projects. This will be done in accordance, at minimum with the DAC-OECD evaluation criteria.

  1. ### Evaluation criteria & Evaluation Questions

The evaluation will seek to answer key questions as per the evaluation criteria Effectiveness, Relevance, Efficiency, Sustainability, Coherence and Impact, as well as Child Participation. Evaluators may propose any other additional criteria that they deem relevant to the endline evaluation, subject to approval by TdH-NL.

Evaluation Questions per criteria:


How relevant were the objectives and activities, implemented by the project, in addressing the needs of the target population? How do beneficiaries perceive the relevance of the project and how has the project improved their lives? Are there any stories of change? Relevance questions will seek to check:

  • How has the programme identified and addressed the needs of the key stakeholders such as children and communities?

  • To what extent has the programme taken into consideration the legal framework (including government policies – national and sub-national level) as well as private sector policies in addressing CTM?

  • Awareness in the community including risks, mitigation measures and reporting of incidents of CTM.

  • Extent to which child victims of Child Trafficking and unsafe Migration and those at risk in the project areas actively approach duty bearers and discuss needs regarding child rights abuses.


How has the collaboration between TdH – NL, local partner (ANPPCAN), CSOs and government line ministries contributed to appropriate response of specific needs and priorities of the beneficiaries? To what extent was the project able to adapt and provide appropriate response to context changes and emerging local needs, and the priorities of beneficiaries?

  • Status of the existing coordination, collaboration and referral mechanisms among the child protection Stakeholders/Actors in supporting prevention and providing response services for victims of CTM.

  • Capacity of key government and local service providers in responding to the needs of children who are at risk and victims – child Trafficking.

  • Extent to which the law enforcement agencies diligently prosecute child abuse/exploitation (CTM) cases accountable for upholding children’s rights

  • Extent to which the Kenya Government institutions/actors (Department of Children Services (DCS), Police, Judiciary, Probation, Ministry of Education, adequately implement laws and policies protecting children from CTM.

  • Awareness level of the private sector actors in Busia, Nairobi, Marsabit and Mandera on child rights, including their commitment to stopping CTM


Efficiency questions will be considered in light of the partnership between TdH-NL and partners (ANPPCAN), as well as the level of collaboration with other CSOs, government, Law enforcements and private sector in delivery of services for children during the project implementation period. Questions on efficiency will include:

  • How efficient was the delivery of the project by TdH-NL, not only in terms of expenditure, but also in terms of implementation of activities?

  • Was the project activity implementation (modality), considered to have been cost-efficient, while not compromising quality?

  • What would have been opportunities within the project to reach more beneficiaries with the available budget or to reduce costs while reaching at least the same number of beneficiaries without compromising quality?

  • What choices were made in terms of collaboration and non-collaboration during program design? Why were these choices made?

  • Were alterations made to the program design in terms of collaboration during the implementation phase based on the reality on the ground?

  • What were the outcomes of these choices for effective and efficient program implementation?

  • Have the programmatic (PMEL) tools and practices contributed to a dynamic partnership? Which ones have addressed efficiency concerns most and how?


How has the project changed the operating environment within the intervention areas since inception in relation to Child Trafficking and Unsafe Migration (CTM). How did the CTM project contribute to these changes?

  • Are parents and communities engaged in preventing and reporting suspected cases of CTM to formal and informal structures within the intervention areas.

  • What positive changes are observed in the lives of the target group, particularly children as a result of the implementation of the project?

  • What are the unintended positive and negative impacts of the project? Did the response reduce CTM prevalence and future vulnerabilities of children to CTM?


The evaluation will also seek to answer questions on sustainability, mainly:

  • Will the changes caused by this programme continue beyond the life of the project?

  • What mechanisms have TdH-NL, and partners put in place to sustain the key programme Outputs and Outcomes?

  • How has the programme worked with local partners to increase their capacity to address CTM in a sustainable way?

  • What motivations /mechanisms exist for partners to continue playing these roles?

  • What are the risks facing sustainability of programme Outputs and Outcomes? And what has been put in place for mitigation


  • How were the project interventions aligned to other actions within the child protection space in the country? Were synergies built, strengthened and accessed to ensure quality and sustainable delivery of outputs, as well as attainment of outcomes.

  • Extent to which CSOs actively engage their constituents (private sector, government and law enforcement officers) to advocate for identified child rights issues.

Child Participation:

  • To what extent did girls and boys participate in the project interventions? In what ways did the children participate? Of what value was their participation in the project?

  • What is the change achieved amongst children through their participation?

  • Evaluation Methodology and Approach

Methodology and Approach

In collaboration with the M&E team, a detailed methodology plan will be made during the inception phase. The focus will be on the finalisation and operationalisation of methods and tools to measure project progress. This phase will include a review and update of data collection tools and methods:

  1. Proposed methodology for any child targeted data collection ( and ensuring it is designed in a child safe manner).

  2. Designing data collection and reporting tools for assessment of changes for all targeted stakeholders. The evaluation tools will be developed to ensure they provide comparative assessment of project outcomes at start(baseline) and endline.

  3. Propose a detailed way of measuring contribution.

  4. Propose the most suitable approach on how the evaluators will ensure adherence to the covid 19 government directives through out the evaluation

To sufficiently address the specific objectives, it is proposed that the methodology to be used should allow involvement of children, local communities, families, law enforcement, CSOs, government (local and national), private sector and project implementers in key evaluation tasks. Existing project documents, progress reports and other relevant documents will be shared by the teams of TdH-NL and Partner (ANPPCAN, MACT and SND). The evaluator is expected to conduct the evaluation in a rigorous manner to produce information that is valid and reliable based on quality data and analysis. As a result during the inception phase, the evaluator will produce an agreed detailed action plan and elucidate the data collection, process and analysis methods for the evaluation as well as data dissemination plans.

  1. ### Deliverables

In accordance with the timetable, the evaluator (s) will produce:

  • Inception Report – A draft inception report which responds to the scope of work with a methodology, survey instruments, detailed work plan and budget. The inception report should include a review of CTM interventions in project areas and propose ethical and feasible evaluation methodologies to respond to the evaluation questions, propose data collection tools to be used and provide a schedule of evaluation activities and tasks.

  • A field work implementation plan (to be submitted before field work begins). This field work plan should be presented to the TdH-NL Country office for M&E Team comments, and revised as necessary prior to commencing field work.

  • Zero Draft Endline Report: A comprehensive draft endline evaluation report including a clear set of actionable recommendations. The Draft Report will analyse and provide tangible evidence showing the situation of CTM in the region. A reporting template/format will be provided by TdH-NL.

  • Revised Endline Report: A final end-term evaluation report incorporating feedback from TdH-NL. The Revised Report will synthesise all data, MsC stories, identify conclusions, and make recommendations (Taking into account comments and additions from TdH-NL following submission of the Zero Draft Report). The consultant will need to provide a response to TdH-NL, in the form of a comment matrix, as to why any comments may not have been incorporated.

  • Develop a set of monitoring tools to be used by TdH-NL to adequately measure results and objective/impact.

  • Oral Presentation/Meeting and debrief with project staff: The consultant will make a presentation to TdH-NL and its partners, of the findings of the evaluation, including lessons for project improvement. The debriefing meeting will be an opportunity to clarify outstanding aspects of the end line survey before finalisation of the end line report.

  • The Final Report: The consultant will be expected to produce a final report, with comments from the debriefing taken into account. While the substantive content of the findings, conclusions and recommendations of the report shall be determined by the evaluator, the report is subject to final approval by TdH-NL in terms of whether or not the report meets the conditions of the ToR and expected standards (Edited, well designed and in a Publishable format).

  • Dissemination Workshop: After the evaluation report is finalised, TdH-NL will organise a dissemination workshop with its key stakeholders. The consultant is expected to co-facilitate the workshop and present the results of the Evaluation.

TdH-NL will oversee the process and maintain responsibility for accountability and guidance throughout all phases of execution, and approval of all deliverables. The project partner ANPPCAN will offer day to day support to the evaluator in terms of organising for meetings with the target groups as requested by the evaluator.

  1. ### Budget

Financial proposals should be included which outline all costs required for conducting the evaluation. (full cost to details)

  1. ### Evaluator(s) Competencies, Experience and Skill requirements

The evaluator(s) engaged to undertake the assignment must fulfil the following requirements:

The team for this assignment will consist of the consultant(s) who will have overall responsibility for designing, implementing and coordinating the entire endline survey process guided by theToR.

The knowledge, skills and expertise required are as outlined below:

  • The lead consultant or coordinator is required to have a Master Degree in Social Sciences, Community Development or other related fields.

  • Sound understanding of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Code of Conduct and UN Global Compact.

  • A minimum of five years experience working in the field on children’s issues and child protection programmes.

  • Has excellent understanding of issues related to Child Trafficking and Unsafe Migration in East Africa, including Kenya

  • A strong commitment to and proven experience of utilising child participatory methodologies.

  • Knowledgeable in and committed to a Rights Based Approach to development.

  • Has proven experience in conducting evaluations and research using various methodologies such as in-depth interviews, Focus Group Discussions etc.

  • Experience in working with NGOs, CBOs and beneficiary communities.

  • Has excellent communication skills in writing and spoken English and Kiswahili.

  • Excellent interpersonal and teamwork skills.

  • Excellent analytical and report writing skills.

  • Is familiar with social and cultural norms, and attitudes especially in relation to child trafficking, sexual exploitation and abuse, child labour.

  • Management and supervision

The Consultant will work in close consultation with the Regional PM&E Coordinator, Kenya Programme Coordinator for the coordination of the endline evaluation. The Country Office will provide preparatory and logistical assistance to the evaluator(s), including:

  • Background materials (project proposal, quarterly report data, annual reports, baseline report, mid-term report, etc)

  • Meetings, phone/ email communication with relevant TdH-NL staff

  • Identify interviewees and provide contact information

  • All logistical support for the field visit

  • Arranging meetings and appointments with stakeholders and beneficiaries in the field (if necessary)

  • Child Safeguarding Measures

In line with the UNCRC, Terre des Hommes Netherlands strives to keep children safe in all its undertakings. A screening and reference check of the successful candidate will be conducted during the selection process to conform suitability of working with children. The successful applicant will be required to read, understand, and commit to abide by TdH-NL’s Child Safeguarding Policies and Guidelines. The institution/firm or individual consultant will sign the policies to indicate an understanding of, and commitment to follow the policy requirements. The methodologies used in this study must abide by the universally acceptable standards for involving children in research. Special considerations will have to be taken in involving children who are survivors of sexual exploitation, ensuring the risk of retraumatization is sufficiently mitigated.

Ethical Considerations

All participants involved in the assessment are expected to be treated with dignity and respect, and participation in the study will be voluntary. Confidentiality and the right to privacy should be ensured. Consent will be obtained from all participants prior to their participation. Interviewing children will only be done for children above 12 years, with the consent of their parents/caregivers and if they themselves are comfortable participating and providing information. Where a child has been a victim of exploitation and abuse and shows signs of distress, a clear referral for counselling and psychosocial support should be done.

There will be nothing in the study which may be harmful for the respondents in terms of legal or ethical grounds.. The research objectives will be clearly explained to all the respondents of the study before collecting data from them. The consultant/ firm will abstain from data collection from any person who will deny or show any reluctance in providing information. Written consent with signature or thumb impression of the respondents, therefore, needs to be obtained before collecting data. The researchers will be highly committed to the respondents to guard the privacy of their information and sources of data, as well as will put heartiest endeavour to be unbiased in collecting data. The research report will not reveal the identity of the respondents.

How to apply

TdH-NL Kenya Country Office invites interested applicants should submit Technical and Financial proposals electronically in PDF format, addressed to “The Selection Committee”, with subject line clearly marked EoI Endline Evaluation CTM Kenya Project via email on or before 20/11/2020 to: [email protected] The aim is to select the evaluator by 25/11/2020 and start the assignment by 1/12/2020.

All applications should include the following:

  1. Technical proposal (max. 10 pages) outlining their motivation for the application, the methodological approach on how to conduct the assignment, and the resources required

  2. A proposed activities schedule/ work plan with a time frame.

  3. Financial proposal in Ksh detailing evaluators itemized fees, data collection and administrative costs. No operational tasks and associated costing will be handled ed by TDH

  4. CV(s) of the evaluator(s) who will undertake the endline evaluation.

  5. Copies of similar evaluation reports conducted by the applicant where possible and or a recommendation letter from an NGO’s who the consultant has worked with before.

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